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In an Islamic savings account, the profit share is calculated and distributed based on the concept of profit-sharing (Mudarabah). The Mudarabah contract is a partnership arrangement between the account holder (the investor) and the Islamic bank (the entrepreneur). Here’s how the profit-sharing process works:

1. Investment Pool: When you deposit money into an Islamic savings account, your funds are pooled together with the deposits of other customers who have also chosen Islamic savings accounts. This pool of funds forms the basis of the investment pool.

2. Bank as the Entrepreneur: The Islamic bank acts as the entrepreneur in the Mudarabah contract. It utilizes the pooled funds from Islamic savings accounts to invest in Sharia-compliant business activities and projects.

3. Profit Generation: The Islamic bank aims to generate profits from its investments using pooled funds. The profits can come from various sources, such as profits earned from business ventures, trade activities, and other halal investments.

4. Profit Distribution: At regular intervals (usually monthly or quarterly), the Islamic bank calculates the total profits generated from the investments made using the funds in the investment pool.

5. Profit Sharing Ratio: The profit-sharing ratio between the account holder (the investor) and the Islamic bank (the entrepreneur) is agreed upon and disclosed upfront. This ratio determines how the generated profits will be distributed.

6. Profit Allocation: The calculated profits are distributed between the account holders and the Islamic bank according to the agreed-upon profit-sharing ratio. The account holder receives a portion of the profits as a return on their investment (Islamic profit) based on the ratio.

7. Loss Bearing: In a Mudarabah contract, the account holder bears no losses if the Islamic bank’s investments do not generate profits. Any losses are solely borne by the Islamic bank, as it is the entrepreneur in the partnership.

It’s important to note that the return on the Islamic savings account is not guaranteed, as it is directly linked to the actual profits generated by the Islamic bank’s investments. Therefore, the rate of return may vary from one period to another, depending on the bank’s investment performance.

Islamic banks typically publish the expected profit-sharing ratio and provide regular updates on the profits distributed to account holders. The transparency of the process ensures that customers are aware of how their funds are being utilized and how the profits are being shared between them and the bank.

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